There is design in nature, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080217143838.htm.
Second, ID Theory is the study of design. More specifically, ID is the study of information (CSI) in the form of DNA in how it originated and increases in the genome of a population resulting in greater complexity.
Design — purposefully directed contingency. That is, the intelligent, creative manipulation of possible outcomes (and usually of objects, forces, materials, processes and trends) towards goals. (E.g. 1: writing a meaningful sentence or a functional computer program. E.g. 2: loading of a die to produce biased, often advantageous, outcomes. E.g. 3: the creation of a complex object such as a statue, or a stone arrow-head, or a computer, or a pocket knife.). Source: http://www.uncommondescent.com/glossary/.
Design can be defined in numerous ways. The most basic element of its definition infers intelligence, intention, direction, or guidance. Since ID being the science that it is, a scientific definition is required for the term, “design.” To avoid confusion, we identify design as “Specified Complexity,” aka “Complex Specified Information,” or CSI, https://dennisdjones.wordpress.com/2011/05/07/complex-specified-information-csi/.
ID is a study of not just information, but CSI, the kind of information that infers design. Hence, ID Theory is just as much related to the field of bioinformatics as it is to biochemistry, http://www.evoinfo.org/.
William Dembski discusses specification, http://www.designinference.com/documents/2005.06.Specification.pdf.
CSI – Life shows evidence of complex, aperiodic, and specified information in its key functional macromolecules, and the only other example we know of such function-specifying complex information are artifacts designed by intelligent agents. A chance origin of life would exceed the universal probability bound (UPB) set by the scope of the universe; hence design is a factor in the origin and development of life. Contrary to a commonly encountered (and usually dismissive) opinion, this concept is neither original to Dr Dembski nor to the design theory movement. Its first recognized use was by noted Origin of Life researcher, Leslie Orgel, in 1973:
Living organisms are distinguished by their specified complexity. Crystals fail to qualify as living because they lack complexity; mixtures of random polymers fail to qualify because they lack specificity. [ L.E. Orgel, 1973. The Origins of Life. New York: John Wiley, p. 189. Emphases added.]
The concept of complex specified information helps us understand the difference between (a) the highly informational, highly contingent aperiodic functional macromolecules of life and (b) regular crystals formed through forces of mechanical necessity, or (c) random polymer strings. In so doing, they identified a very familiar concept — at least to those of us with hardware or software engineering design and development or troubleshooting experience and knowledge. Furthermore, on massive experience, such CSI reliably points to intelligent design when we see it in cases where we independently know the origin story. Source: http://www.uncommondescent.com/glossary/.
Much of Wm Dembski’s work and career has been devoted to research in bioinformatics related to CSI. Papers on the subject are available here, http://www.designinference.com/.
Stephen Meyer on Design, http://www.discovery.org/scripts/viewDB/filesDB-download.php?command=download&id=847
William Dembski comments on why inferring design does not require knowledge of a designer, http://www.designinference.com/documents/2005.11.Hume_and_Reid.pdf.
Examples in Nature:
The following science research articles and videos are examples of design found in nature. These are only the tip of the iceberg:
- Mimic Octopus: California Academy of Sciences:
- Foxes zero in on prey via Earth’s magnetic field, http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn19945-foxes-zero-in-on-prey-via-earths-magnetic-field.html
- In The Beginning Was Information:
- Signature in the Cell: DNA Evidence for Intelligent Design | The Heritage Foundation:
- Evolution News & Views: Designed, Yes — Just Not by God: The Remarkable Implications of Clarke’s Third Law:
- CSC – Intelligent Design: The Origin of Biological Information and the Higher Taxonomic Categories:
- How Venus Flytraps Avoid Snapping Up Lousy Meals:
- Plants engineered to produce new drugs:
- Beetle defense inspires uni work:
- The movement of tree sap analyzed:
- Hornet Pigment Drives Solar Cell In Lab – Science News:
- 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit ideal temperature for keeping fungi away and food at bay:
- Scientists found colorful transparent insect wings may have a purpose: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2010/12/27/1017393108.full.pdf+html, and http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=140995135944096&v=app_2373072738#!/photo.php?fbid=155115437871905&set=o.140995135944096&theater
- Tinnitus is evidence of design: http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20927954.100-brain-training-for-tinnitus-reverses-ringing-in-ears.html, and http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-01-tinnitus-problem.html, and http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110112122504.htm
- Magnetoreception has been linked to chemical reactions inside birds’ eyes. The mechanism works very similar to quantum physics, http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20927963.000-quantum-states-last-longer-in-birds-eyes.html, and http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-01-quantum-robins.html
- The New Atlantis » Getting Over the Code Delusion, http://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/getting-over-the-code-delusion
- ID Foundations, 4: Specified Complexity and linked Functional Organisation as signs of design, http://www.uncommondescent.com/intelligent-design/id-foundations-4-specified-complexity-and-linked-functional-organisation-as-signs-of-design/
- Design examples from nature teaching engineering, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6U1dNuZdN3s&feature=player_embedded
- Woodpecker’s head inspires shock absorbers, http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20088-woodpeckers-head-inspires-shock-absorbers.html and http://www.uncommondescent.com/intelligent-design/woodpecker-drumming-inspires-shock-absorbing-system/ and http://www.arn.org/blogs/index.php/literature/2011/02/10/woodpecker_drumming_inspires_shock_absor
- What regulates the regulators in the cerebellum? http://www.livescience.com/12777-brain-development-start-surprisingly-bad-wiring.html; and http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1001013
- Inside Life Science: How Our Bodies Keep Time, http://www.facebook.com/idvsdarwin#!/photo.php?fbid=173585259358256&set=o.131435156895062&theater
- New Microscope Decodes Complex Eye Circuitry, http://www.facebook.com/idvsdarwin#!/photo.php?fbid=173582729358509&set=o.131435156895062&theater
- Carnivorous underwater plant sucks in prey, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110216110314.htm and http://news.bbc.co.uk/earth/hi/earth_news/newsid_9399000/9399877.stm
- Navigational “Magic” of Sea Turtles Explained, http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/02/turtle-navigation/
- Cell Suicide: An Essential Part of Life | Cell Biology & Physiology, http://www.livescience.com/12949-cell-suicide-apoptosis-nih.html
- Darwin’s God: The Daffodil’s Trumpet: A New Flower Part, http://darwins-god.blogspot.com/2011/03/daffodils-trumpet-new-flower-part.html
- The ultra-fast trap of an aquatic carnivorous plant, http://tinyurl.com/5tqvbsa and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zb_SLZFsMyQ&feature=player_embedded
- Monarch butterfly, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BiRFftkTtSA&feature=player_embedded
- New Research: Retina Wiring Architecture Crucial in Image Processing, http://darwins-god.blogspot.com/2011/03/new-research-retina-wiring-architecture.html
- Evidence of design, http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=140995135944096#!/photo.php?fbid=173495649367217&set=o.140995135944096&type=1&theater, http://t.co/hw2YhsT, http://health.howstuffworks.com/human-body/systems/ear/loud-noise-ear.htm
- Saber-toothed Vegetarian Once Roamed Ancient Brazil | Toothy Reptile & Age of Dinosaurs, http://www.livescience.com/13393-saber-toothed-vegetarian-beast-ancient-brazil.html
- Photo and profile of the chameleon, special lizard with long tongue, http://www.facebook.com/home.php#!/photo.php?fbid=178632848853497&set=o.140995135944096&type=1&theater, http://tinyurl.com/3pyv2jh, and http://tinyurl.com/3u2myox